|12 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2018
|Business Combinations [Abstract]|
Note 4. Acquisitions:
Asset Purchase Agreement with Prive Technologies LLC (“Prive”):
On February 21, 2018, the Company and Kairos, completed an asset purchase under an agreement (the “Prive Purchase Agreement”) with Prive on behalf of certain persons and entities who owned certain digital currency mining machines and related operating equipment (the “Prive Equipment”). Pursuant to the Prive Purchase Agreement, the aggregate consideration for the Prive Equipment consisted of (i) Eleven Million Dollars ($11,000,000) and (ii) One Million (1,000,000) shares of the Company’s common stock (the “Prive Shares”). Upon closing of the transaction, and pursuant to the terms of the Prive Purchase Agreement, Kairos became the owner of the Prive Equipment used for the mining of digital currency, including, but not limited to, 3,800 Bitmain AntMiner S9s. On February 21, 2018, the Prive Equipment was recorded for a purchase price of $19,482,000, consisting mainly of cash of $11,000,000 and 800,000 of the Company’s shares of common stock valued at $10.60 per share (excludes 200,000 shares of Common Stock currently held in escrow).
The purchase price for the miners was recorded as follow:
At the time of closing of the Prive Purchase Agreement, two principal shareholders of Prive were minority stockholders of Kairos at the time of Kairos acquisition by the Company in October 2017.
Two Hundred Thousand (200,000) of the Shares (the “Escrow Shares”) were deposited into an escrow account with Corporate Stock Transfer, Inc., as escrow agent (the “Escrow Agent”), pursuant to an escrow agreement (the “Escrow Agreement”). Certificates representing the Escrow Shares were deposited and recorded with the Escrow Agent to be held in escrow and not be transferred, pledged or hypothecated except as provided in the Escrow Agreement. No value was assigned to the Escrow Shares at the time of the acquisition as they are contingent consideration. The Escrow Shares will be released to the Sellers upon the Company generating Net Cash Flow (as defined in the Prive Purchase Agreement) of at least Ten Million Dollars ($10,000,000) from the Equipment. If the Escrow Shares are not released to the Sellers on or before the two-year anniversary (February 2020) of the Prive Purchase Agreement, the Escrow Shares shall be returned to the Company for cancellation. As of December 31, 2018, no escrow shares have been released based upon not achieving required net cash flow.
Under the guidance of ASC 360, Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets, a long-lived asset or asset group (including intangibles) will be tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. Based upon the significant decline in the price of bitcoin during the year ended December 31, 2018 and the decline in projected cash flows over the life of the miners, the Company performed an analysis to determine if the Prive Equipment was impaired. The undiscounted cash flows were less than the carrying amount of the miners and therefore, the carrying amount of the assets were compared to the fair value of the miners, and the Company determined that there were impairment charges to be recorded on the miners purchased from Prive. Impairment charges for the year ended December 31, 2018 totaled approximately $17.7 million.
Asset Purchase Agreement with Blockchain Mining Supply & Services Ltd. (“BMSS”):
On February 21, 2018, the Company completed an asset purchase under an agreement (the “BMSS Purchase Agreement”) with BMSS which owned 3,000 AntMiner S9 bitcoin mining machines (the “BMSS Equipment”). Pursuant to the BMSS Purchase Agreement, the Company purchased the BMSS Equipment for aggregate consideration of Eight Million Five Hundred Thousand Dollars ($8,500,000). On February 21, 2018, the BMSS Equipment was recorded for purchase price of $8,500,000 paid or payable in cash. Seven Million Dollars ($7,000,000) of the purchase price was paid at closing and $1,500,000 was payable within six-months, as further defined in the BMSS Purchase Agreement.
On August 21, 2018, the Company and BMSS entered into a waiver letter, amending the BMSS Purchase Agreement (the “Waiver”) whereby the Company and BMSS agreed to waive any and all past due amounts payable by the Company to BMSS pursuant to Section 2(b)(ii) of the BMSS Purchase Agreement. Pursuant to the Waiver, the Company agreed to pay to BMSS the remaining $1,500,000 in monthly installments plus accrued and unpaid interest calculated at a rate equal to 10% per year. In addition to the foregoing, the Company agreed to issue to BMSS 50,000 shares of restricted common stock in connection with the Waiver within seven days of the execution of the Waiver. In connection with the foregoing, the Company relied upon the exemption from registration provided by Section 4(a)(2) under the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, for transactions not involving a public offering. During the year ended December 31, 2018, a total of $300,000 in payments were made against the $1,500,000 deferred price and the Company recorded a loss of $266,000 related to the computed value of the modification of the BMSS deferred purchase price which was recorded as a loss on extinguishment of debt in connection with the Waiver. All required payments under the amended BMSS agreements have not been timely made and the Company and BMSS are currently discussing plans to resolve.
Under the guidance of ASC 360, Impairment or Disposal of Long-lived Assets, a long-lived asset or asset group (including intangibles) will be tested for recoverability whenever events or changes in circumstances indicate that its carrying amount may not be recoverable. Based upon the significant decline in the price of bitcoin during the year ended December 31, 2018 and the decline in projected cash flows over the life of the miners, the Company performed an undiscounted cash flow test to determine if the miners were impaired. The undiscounted cash flows were less than the carrying amount of the BMSS Equipment and therefore, the carrying amount of the assets were compared to the fair value of the miners, and the Company determined that there were impairment charges to be recorded on the miners purchased from BMSS. Impairment charges for the year ended December 31, 2018 totaled approximately $6.7 million.
Acquisition of Logical Brokerage Corp.:
On March 26, 2018, the Company entered into and closed a stock purchase agreement (the “Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement”) between the Company and Mark Bradley Fisher (the “Logical Brokerage Seller”). Pursuant to the Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement, the Company purchased from the Logical Brokerage Seller 9.25 shares of Logical Brokerage, representing 92.5% of the outstanding capital stock of Logical Brokerage, for a cash purchase price of $600,000. Logical Brokerage, a futures introducing broker headquartered in Miami, Florida is registered with the CFTC and is a member of the NFA.
The Company considered the provisions of FASB ASU 2017-01, Business Combinations (Topic 805), and has determined that the Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement should be accounted for as an acquisition of assets since the majority of the fair value of the assets acquired was concentrated in a single identifiable asset (CFTC License), and the acquired assets did not have outputs or employees. The asset recorded at the purchase price of $600,000, net of cash received with the asset acquisition of $100,000, plus any transaction costs. The CFTC license is included as intangible rights acquired, within the non-current asset section of the Company’s consolidated balance sheets.
As a result of an asset acquisition through the acquisition of ownership, temporary differences may arise due to differences between the tax bases of assets acquired and liabilities assumed (determined by tax law) and the values of those assets and liabilities recognized for financial statement purposes (determined based on the provisions of ASC 805). ASC 740 requires an entity to recognize deferred tax assets and liabilities for those temporary differences and acquired operating loss or other tax credit carryforwards that arise as a result of the purchase of an asset. However, deferred taxes are not recognized for differences related to nondeductible goodwill, leveraged leases, and certain other differences for which there are specific exceptions. The deferred tax liability represents the difference between the book basis and the tax basis of Riot Blockchain’s intangible assets, calculated using a 25.6% effective tax rate.
On March 26, 2018, the CFTC license was recorded as follows:
In connection with the closing of the Logical Brokerage Purchase Agreement, on March 26, 2018, the Company entered into a stockholders’ agreement (the “Stockholders Agreement”) with Logical Brokerage and Mark Bradley Fisher. The Stockholders Agreement provides, among other things, that, subject to certain exceptions, the Logical Brokerage Seller may not transfer any of his remaining shares of Logical Brokerage without the written consent of the Company. The Stockholders Agreement also provides that, subject to certain exceptions, in the event the Company proposes to transfer 35% or more of Logical Brokerage’s total issued and outstanding capital stock, the Logical Brokerage Seller will be entitled to certain “tag-along” rights.
1172767 B.C. Ltd. Investment (formerly Tess Inc.):
On October 20, 2017, the Company acquired approximately 52% of Tess which is developing blockchain solutions for telecommunications companies. Under the terms of the Purchase Agreement (the “Purchase Agreement”) the Company invested cash of $320,000 in Tess and issued 75,000 shares of restricted Common Stock to Tess in exchange for 2,708,333 shares of common stock of Tess. The 75,000 shares of Common Stock were valued at the $8.49 market price as of October 20, 2017 for a total of $636,750. Accordingly, Tess became a majority-owned subsidiary of the Company. As part of the transaction, the Company and Tess entered into a registration rights agreement pursuant to which the Company agreed to file a registration statement to register the resale of 25,000 shares (of 75,000 shares) of Common Stock issued to Tess. The acquisition of Tess was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with the provisions of ASC 805.
The following is the allocation of the assets and liabilities acquired:
The non-controlling interest represents the 48% proportionate share held by the minority shareholders of Tess. As of the acquisition the value of the 48% non-controlling interest implied from the purchase price totaled $883,000. The net loss attributable to the non-controlling interest for the period from acquisition to December 31, 2017 totaled $125,000, leaving a balance of $758,000 at December 31, 2017.
Tess is developing TessPay and other blockchain on-line solutions for telecommunications companies. TessPay is a payments ecosystem for component and sub-component supply chain settlements (payments). The allocation of purchase consideration includes $720,000 as in-process research and development (IPR&D) related to the TessPay project. As of December 31, 2018, the Company had $587,000 of intangibles related to Tess’s internal technology platform. The valuation considered assumptions consistent with similar projects, including expectation of cash flows expected to commence in late 2018, future probable cash flows from the Tesspay project, discounted at a present value factor of approximately 60%.
In January 2018, following the execution of a non-binding letter of intent as of December 11, 2017, the parties executed a definitive agreement providing that the Company's majority owned subsidiary Tess agreed to merge with Cresval Capital Corp. (“Cresval”) (TSX-V: CRV). Assuming closing conditions are met, upon closing of the anticipated merger, Tess will be publicly traded on the TSX Venture Exchange (the “TSXV”) and change its name to “TessPay Inc.”. The agreement provides that Tess will be issued 80,000,000 shares of Cresval, and the present shareholders of Cresval will retain 8,400,000 shares of the combined company TessPay post-merger. The Company will receive 41,600,000 shares in the transaction resulting from its 52% ownership of Tess.
The merger transaction was completed in the third quarter of 2018 subject to specific closing conditions. The shares of Tess are expected to commence on the TSXV once regulatory approvals are obtained. Based upon the terms of the merger and related agreements, the acquisition will result in the Company owning less than 50% of Tess, at which time it would no longer be consolidated within the Company’s financial statements. On February 15, 2019, Cresval terminated its definitive agreement with Tess due to its inability to complete one of the specified closing conditions in the agreement.
During the year ended December 31, 2018, Tess received approximately $506,000 from the sale of shares of Riot Blockchain common stock held by Tess, which has been recorded as a credit to the consolidated Common Stock of the Company. Additionally, Tess issued approximately 189,000 of its common shares in exchange for cash proceeds of approximately $220,000 thereby reducing the investment percentage held by the Company from 52.01% to 50.2% as of December 31, 2018. Due to the termination of the Cresval Agreement on February 15, 2019, the Company recorded an impairment loss of $2.1 million consisting of $0.7 million of in process research and development costs, $0.6 million related to capitalized costs of Tess’s internal technology platform and $0.8 million of goodwill during the year ended December 31, 2018.
Pro Forma Results of Operations:
The unaudited supplemental pro forma information for the year ended December 31, 2017, as if the Tess acquisition had occurred as of its date of inception in 2017 were not material to the consolidated financial results as presented.
Tess Related Party Transactions:
Tess related parties include: Powercases Inc., and 2227470 Ontario Inc., (companies that are wholly-owned by Jeffrey Mason, President and Chief Executive Officer of Tess), 1038088 Ontario Limited (a company that is wholly-owned by Fraser Mason, Chairman and Chief Financial Officer of Tess), and JLM Strategic Marketing (a proprietorship owned by Jennifer Mason, Manager Corporate Communications of Tess).
The following table provides the total amount of transactions that have been entered into with Tess related parties and outstanding balances with Tess related parties as of and for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017:
During the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, included in Tess's recorded services from related parties was $726,926 and $173,905, respectively for Tess's key management personnel salaries.
Kairos Global Technology, Inc. Acquisition:
On November 3, 2017, the Company closed on a business combination share exchange agreement (the “Agreement”) with Kairos Global Technology, Inc., a Nevada corporation. Under the Agreement, the shareholders of Kairos agreed to exchange all outstanding shares of Kairos' common stock to the Company and the Company agreed to issue an aggregate of One Million Seven Hundred Fifty Thousand and One (1,750,001) newly-designated shares of Series B Convertible Preferred Stock (the “Series B Preferred Stock”) which are convertible into an aggregate of One Million Seven Hundred Fifty Thousand and One (1,750,001) shares of the Company's common stock, no par value per share (the transaction, the “Kairos Transaction”) to such shareholders. See Note 10 for further information about the Series B Preferred Stock. The 1,750,001 Series B Preferred Shares were valued at approximately $5.31 per share based upon the then value of the Company's common shares, discounted based upon restrictions associated with the preferred shares, for a total value of approximately $9,296,000. The shareholders of Kairos also will receive a royalty to be paid from cash flow generated from operations, as defined in the Agreement, which shall entitle such shareholders to receive 40% of the gross profits generated on a monthly basis until they have received a total of $1,000,000, at which point the royalty is extinguished. For financial reporting purposes the royalty liability will be recorded as the contingency is resolved and obligation determined. To date no royalty amounts have been achieved. Kairos owned certain computer equipment and other assets used for the mining of digital currency, specifically miners consisting of 700 AntMiner S9s and 500 AntMiner L3s, all manufactured by Bitmain. The acquisition of Kairos was accounted for as a business combination in accordance with the provisions of ASC 805.
We have completed an allocation of the purchase consideration. The following is the allocation of the purchase consideration:
Based upon the significant decline in the price of bitcoin during the year ended December 31, 2018 and the decline in projected cash flows over the life of the miners, the Company performed an undiscounted cash flow test to determine if the miners were impaired. The undiscounted cash flows were less than the carrying amount of the miners and therefore, the carrying amount of the assets were compared to the fair value of the miners, and the Company determined that there were impairment charges to be recorded on the miners purchased from Kairos. Impairment charges for the years ended December 31, 2018 and 2017, totaled approximately $3.0 million and $5.2 million, respectively.
The entire disclosure for a business combination (or series of individually immaterial business combinations) completed during the period, including background, timing, and recognized assets and liabilities. The disclosure may include leverage buyout transactions (as applicable).
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef